António Paulo Pereira de Mira

PhD, Assistant Professor |

CIBIO-InBIO, Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Biologia, Pólo da Mitra. 7002-554 Évora




I teach Conservation Biology, Natural Resources Management and Mammalogy at the University of Évora and I'm in charge of the Conservation Biology Lab since 2003.

I’m a researcher at the Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources – Pole of Évora where I’m the vice-leader of the Applied Ecology Research Group. I’m also a partner of the Institute of Mediterranean Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (ICAAM).

My research area ranges between "Applied Population and Community Ecology" and "Landscape Ecology" and in the last five years my main interests have been focused on the following main topics:

  • Effects transport infrastructure on wildlife, including description of road/rail kills patterns and determination of main landscape features associated with fatality hotspots; quantification of barrier effect; and evaluation of the effects of linear infrastructure disturbance on abundance and space use of different wildlife species
  • Effects land use changes on landscape functional connectivity and implications for long-term metapopulation persistence
  • Biocontrol services provided by bats and birds in Mediterranean farmland
  • Biodiversity recovery and habitat rehabilitation in strongly changed and degraded areas

I've studied different species and communities, but my main targets have been mammals. I've dedicated a large part of my research to the study of voles, but in the last eight years a large part of my research have also been devoted to bats, rabbits and carnivores.

Currently I’m the head of the LIFE LINES - Linear Infrastructure Networks with Ecological Solutions (LIFE14 NAT/PT/001081) co-financed by the European Commission (see more at




António Paulo Pereira de Mira (1999). Ecologia do rato-cego-mediterrânico (Microtus duodecimcostatus) em pomares de citrinos do sul de Portugal. Bases para a gestão das populações. Tese de Doutoramento. Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa

António Paulo Pereira de Mira. (1990). Estudo comparativo de populações portuguesas de Mus musculus domesticus Rutty, 1772 e Mus spretus Lataste 1883 (Rodentia: Muridae). Aspectos relativos à sistemática, reprodução e fisiologia. Tese de Licenciatura. Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa.


Santos, S.M.; Carvalho, F.; Mira A. (in press). Current knowledge on wildlife mortality in railways. In Borda-de-Água, L.; Barrientos, R.; Beja, P.; Pereira, H.M. (eds.), An Introduction to Railway Ecology. Springer;

Carvalho, F.; Santos, S.M.; Mira, A.; Lourenço, R. (in press). Methods to monitor and mitigate wildlife mortality in railways. In Borda-de-Água, L.; Barrientos, R.; Beja, P.; Pereira, H.M. (eds.), An Introduction to Railway Ecology. Springer;

Godinho, C.; Catarino, L., Marques, J.T.; Mira, A.; Beja, P. (in press). Assessing bird exclusion effects of wetland crossing by a railway. In Borda-de-Água, L.; Barrientos, R.; Beja, P.; Pereira, H.M. (eds.), An Introduction to Railway Ecology. Springer;

Carvalho, F; Galantinho, A;  Mira, A. 2011. Factors affecting small and middle-sized carnivore occurrence and abundance in Mediterranean agricultural landscapes. Case studies in Southern Portugal.  In Rosalino, M.; Gheler-Costa, C. (eds.), Middle-Sized Carnivores in Agricultural Landscapes. Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 39-68 (ISBN: 978-1-61122-033-9);

Zuur, A.F.; Mira, A.; Carvalho, F.; Ieno, E.N. ; Saveliev, A.A.; Smith, G.M. & Walker, N. (2009). Negative Binomial GAM and GAMM to Analyse Amphibian Roadkills. In Zuur, A.F.; Ieno, E.N.; Walker, N.; Smith G.M. (eds), Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. Springer; New York, pp. 383-397 (ISBN 978-0-387-87458-6);


Mira, A. (2014). Vertebrados do Concelho de Marvão. Breve síntese dos valores mais relevantes. In Oliveira, J. (ed.). Marvão. Estudos e Documentos de apoio à candidatura a Património Mundial, Edições Colibri/Câmara Municipal de Marvão, Marvão, pp. 72-75 (ISBN: 978-989-689-404-7)

Mira, A. (2008). Mammals. In Arizpe, D.; Mendes, A.; Rabaça, J.E. (eds.), Sustainable Riparian Zones. A management guide. Edição Generalitat Valenciana, Valência, pp. 110-11 (ISBN:  978-84-482-4967-0).

Mira, A.; Mathias. M.L. (2007). Topillo Lusitano (Microtus lusitanicus). In Palomo, L.J.; Gisbert, J.; Blanco, J.C (eds.), Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Mamíferos Terrestres de España, 2 ed.. Dirección General para la Biodiversidad, Madrid, pp. 418-419 (ISBN: 9788480147118)

Queiroz, A.I. (ccord.); Alves, P.C.; Barroso, I.; Beja, P.; Fernandes, M.; Freitas, L.; Mathias, M.L.; Mira, A.; Palmeirim, J.; Prieto, R.; Rainho, A.; Rodrigues, L.; Santos-Reis, M.; Sequeira, M. (2005). Fichas das espécies de Mamíferos. In Cabral. M.J. (coord.); Almeida, J.; Almeida, P.R.; Dellinger, T.; Ferrand-de-Almeida, N.; Oliveira, M.E.; Palmeirim, J.; Queiroz. A.I.;  Rogado; L.; Santos-Reis (eds.),  Livro Vermelho dos Vertebrados de Portugal. Instituto da Conservação da Natureza, Lisboa. (ISBN: 972-775-153-g)

Mira, A. (1996). Distribuição espacial do rato-cego-mediterrânico (Microtus duodecimcostatus) num pomar de citrinos da Região de Setúbal. In Lavadinho, A.M.P. (ed.), Os Roedores na Agricultura. DGPC, Lisboa, pp. 57-64.

Mira, A.;  Mathias, M.L.  (1996). “Padrões de reprodução em ratinhos--caseiros (Mus musculus domesticus) e ratinhos-ruivos (M. spretus). In Lavadinho, A.M.P. (ed.), Os Roedores na Agricultura. DGPC, Lisboa, pp. 65-75.


Borralho, R.; Palma, L.; Machado, C.; Mira, A. (eds.) (2010). Conservação de Vertebrados Terrestres Ameaçados em Portugal: Situação Actual e Perspectivas. Livro de Resumos. CEAI, Naturlink, Universidade de Évora. Évora.

Mira, A.; Borralho, R. (2009) (eds.). IENE Transport Infrastructure of the 21st Century: Connecting People and Wildlife. Abstract book. Unidade de Biologia da Conservação – Universidade de Évora, Naturlink.

Mira, A.; Borralho, R.; Dias, S. (2005) (eds.). Seminário Infra-estruturas Lineares e Biodiversidade. Avaliação, monitorização e minimização de impactes. Livro de resumos. Naturlink, Unidade de Biologia da Conservação - Universidade de Évora, Grupo de Trabalho em Fauna e Infra-estruturas Lineares, Évora.


Galantinho, A.; Eufrázio, S.; Silva, C.; Carvalho, F.; Alpizar-Jara, R.; Mira, A. (in review). Road effects on demographic traits of small mammal populations. European Journal of Wildlife Research.

Mestre, F.; Risk, B.; Mira, A.; Beja, P.; Pita, R. (in review). A metapopulation approach to predict species range shifts under different climate change and landscape connectivity scenarios. Ecological Modelling.

Mestre, F.; Pita, R.; Mira, A.; Beja, P. (in review). Metapopulations, patch turnover and successional dynamics: When does intermediate disturbance favours species persistence? Oecologia.

Carvalho, F.; Lourenço, A.; Carvalho, R.; Alves, P.C.; Mira, A.; Pedro Beja, P. (in review). Behavioural disturbance and gene flow across a motorway in a forest carnivore: joint evidence from roadkills, radio tracking and genetics. Landscape and Urban Planning

Barbosa, S.; Paupério, J.; Herman, J.S.; Ferreira, C.M.; Pita, R.; Vale-Gonçalves, H.M.; Cabral, J.A.; Garrido-García, J.A.; Soriguer, R.C.; Beja, P.; Mira, A.; Alves, P.C.; Searle, J.B. accepted. Endemic species may have complex histories: within-refugium phylogeography of an endangered Iberian vole. Molecular Ecology.

Areias-Guerreiro, J.; Mira, A.; Barbosa, A.M. in press. How well can models predict changes in species distributions? A 13-year-old otter model revisited. Hystrix (doi:10.4404/hystrix-27.1-11867)

Grácio, A.R.; Mira, A.; Beja, P.; Pita, R. 2017. Diel variation in movement patterns and habitat use by the Iberian endemic Cabrera vole: Implications for conservation and monitoring. Mammalian Biology Volume: 83 Pages:21-26

Mestre, F ; Canovas, F ; Pita, R ; Mira, A  ; Beja, P.  2016. An R package for simulating metapopulation dynamics and range expansion under environmental change. Environmental Modelling & Software Volume: 81 Pages: 40-44

Carvalho, F; Carvalho, R; Mira, A ; Beja, P. 2016. Assessing landscape functional connectivity in a forest carnivore using path selection functions. Landscape Ecology Volume: 31 Issue: 5 Pages: 1021-1036

A. Lumbreras, J. T. Marques, A. F. Belo, M. Cristo, M. Fernandes, D. Galioto, M. Machado, A. Mira, P. Sá-Sousa, R. Silva, L. G. Sousa, C. Pinto-Cruz. 2016. Assessing the conservation status of Mediterranean temporary ponds using biodiversity: a new tool for practitioners. Hydrobiologia Hydrobiologia Pages: 1-13

Santos, S; Mira, A; Salgueiro, P; Costa, P; Medihnas, D; Beja, P. 2016. Avian trait-mediated vulnerability to road traffic collisions. Biological Conservation Volume: 200 Pages: 122-130

Peralta, D ; Leitao, I ; Ferreira, A ; Mira, A; Beja, P; Pita, R. 2016. Factors affecting southern water vole (Arvicola sapidus) detection and occupancy probabilities in Mediterranean farmland. Mammalian Biology Volume: 81 Issue: 2 Pages: 123-129

Herrera, JM; Salgueiro, PA; Medinas, D; Costa, P; Encarnacao, C; Mira, A. 2016. Generalities of vertebrate responses to landscape composition and configuration gradients in a highly heterogeneous Mediterranean region. Journal of Biogeography Volume: 43 Issue: 6 Pages: 1203-1214

Barros, T; Ferreira, E ; Rocha, RG; Gaubert, P; Bandeira, V ; Souto, L ; Mira, A ; Fonseca, C. 2016. Genetic signature of the northward expansion of the Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon (Herpestidae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society Volume: 118 Issue: 3 Pages: 686-697

Pita, R., Lambin, X., Mira, A.; Beja, P. 2016. Hierarchical spatial segregation of two Mediterranean vole species: the role of patch-network structure and matrix composition. Oecologia Pages: 1-11

Herrera, JM; Teixeira, ID  ; Rodriguez-Perez, J ; Mira, A. 2016. Landscape structure shapes carnivore-mediated seed dispersal kernels. Landscape Ecology Volume: 31 Issue: 4 Pages: 731-743.

Barros, T  ; Gaubert, P ; Rocha, RG; Bandeira, V  ; Souto, L ; Mira, A ; Fonseca, C. 2016. Mitochondrial demographic history of the Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon), an expanding carnivore in the Iberian Peninsula. Mammalian Biology Volume: 81 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-184

Mestre, F ; Pita, R; Pauperio, J ; Martins, FMS ; Alves, PC ; Mira, A ; Beja, P. 2015. Combining distribution modelling and non-invasive genetics to improve range shift forecasting. Ecological Modelling Volume: 297 Pages: 171-179

Herrera, JM ; Costa, P; Medinas, D ; Marques, JT ; Mira, A . 2015. Community composition and activity of insectivorous bats in Mediterranean olive farms. Animal Conservation Volume: 18 Issue: 6 Pages: 557-566

Quaglietta, L ; Hajkova, P ; Mira, A ; Boitani, L. 2015. Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) density estimate based on radio tracking and other data sources. Mammal Research Volume: 60 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-137

Carvalho, F; Carvalho, R; Galantinho, A ; Mira, A ; Beja, P. 2015. Monitoring frequency influences the analysis of resting behaviour in a forest carnivore. Ecological Research Volume: 30 Issue: 3 Pages: 537-546.

Santos, SM; Marques, JT; Lourenco, A; Medinas, D; Barbosa, AM ; Beja, P ; Mira, A. 2015. Sampling effects on the identification of roadkill hotspots: Implications for survey design. Journal of Environmental Management Volume: 162 Pages: 87-95

Pita, R.; Mira, A.; Beja, P.2014. Microtus cabrerae (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species Volume: 46 Issue: 912 Pages: 48-70

Beja, P; Schindler, S; Santana, J ; Porto, M ; Morgado, R ; Moreira, F; Pita, R ; Mira, A ; Reino, L . 2014. Predators and livestock reduce bird nest survival in intensive Mediterranean farmland. European Journal of Wildlife Research Volume: 60 Issue: 2 Pages: 249-258.

Quaglietta, L; Fonseca, VC ; Mira, A; Boitani, L. 2014. Sociospatial organization of a solitary carnivore, the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra). Journal of Mammalogy Volume: 95 Issue: 1 Pages: 140-150.

Carvalho, F; Carvalho, R ; Mira, A ; Beja, P. 2014. Use of tree hollows by a Mediterranean forest carnivore. Forest Ecology and Management Volume: 315 Pages: 54-62.

Gomes, LAP ; Salgado, PMP; Barata, EN; Mira, APP. 2014. Alarm scent-marking during predatory attempts in the Cabrera vole (Microtus cabrerae Thomas, 1906). Ecological Research Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 335-343.

Medinas, D ; Marques, JT  ; Mira, A. 2013. Assessing road effects on bats: the role of landscape, road features, and bat activity on road-kills. Ecological Research Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 227-237.

Quaglietta, L; Fonseca, VC; Hajkova, P; Mira, A; Boitani, L. 2013. Fine-scale population genetic structure and short-range sex-biased dispersal in a solitary carnivore, Lutra lutra. Journal of Mammalogy Volume: 94 Issue: 3 Pages: 561-571

Pita, R Mira, A; Beja, P . 2013. Influence of Land Mosaic Composition and Structure on Patchy Populations: The Case of the Water Vole (Arvicola sapidus) in Mediterranean Farmland. Plos One Volume: 8 Issue: 7

Santos, Sara M; Lourenco, Rui; Mira, Antonio; Beja, Pedro. 2013. Relative effects of road risk, habitat suitability, and connectivity on wildlife roadkills: the case of tawny owls (Strix aluco). Plos One Volume: 8 Issue: 11.

Gomes, LAP; Salgado, PMP; Barata, EN; Mira, APP. The effect of pair bonding in Cabrera vole's scent marking. Acta Ethologica Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 181-188.

Gomes, LAP; Mira, APP; Barata, EN. 2013. The Role of Scent-marking in Patchy and Highly Fragmented Populations of the Cabrera Vole (Microtus cabrerae Thomas, 1906). Zoological Science Volume: 30 Issue: 4 IF(2013): 0,876 citations: 2

Quaglietta, L; Martins, BH; de Jongh, A; Mira, A; Boitani, L. 2012. A Low-Cost GPS GSM/GPRS Telemetry System: Performance in Stationary Field Tests and Preliminary Data on Wild Otters (Lutra lutra). Plos One Volume: 7 Issue: 1

Silva, CC; Lourenco, R; Godinho, S  ; Gomes, E; Sabino-Marques, H ; Medinas, D; Neves, V; Silva, C; Rabaca, JE; Mira, A. 2012. Major roads have a negative impact on the Tawny Owl Strix aluco and the Little Owl Athene noctua populations. Acta Ornithologica Volume: 47 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-54

Pita, R; Mira, A; Beja, P. 2012. Assessing habitat differentiation between coexisting species: The role of spatial scale. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology Volume: 37 Issue: 2 Pages: 124-132

Pita, R; Mira, A ; Beja, P.2011. Circadian activity rhythms in relation to season, sex and interspecific interactions in two Mediterranean voles. Animal Behaviour Volume: 81 Issue: 5 Pages: 1023-1030

Carvalho, F; Mira, A. 2011. Comparing annual vertebrate road kills over two time periods, 9 years apart: a case study in Mediterranean farmland. European Journal of Wildlife Research Volume: 57 Issue: 1 Pages: 157-174

Santos, SM; Carvalho, F; Mira, A. 2011. How Long Do the Dead Survive on the Road? Carcass Persistence Probability and Implications for Road-Kill Monitoring Surveys. Plos One Volume: 6 Issue: 9

Sabino-Marques, H; Mira, A. 2011.  Living on the verge: are roads a more suitable refuge for small mammals than streams in Mediterranean pastureland? Ecological Research Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 277-287

Santos, SM; Mathias, MD; Mira, AP. 2011. The influence of local, landscape and spatial factors on the distribution of the Lusitanian and the Mediterranean pine voles in a Mediterranean landscape. Mammalian Biology Volume: 76 Issue: 2 Pages: 133-142

Basto, MP; Pedroso, NM  ; Mira, A; Santos-Reis, M.2011.  Use of small and medium-sized water reservoirs by otters in a Mediterranean ecosystem. Animal Biology Volume: 61 Issue: 1 Pages: 75-94

Reino, L; Porto, M; Morgado, R; Carvalho, F; Mira, A; Beja, P. 2010. Does afforestation increase bird nest predation risk in surrounding farmland? Forest Ecology and Management Volume: 260 Issue: 8 Pages: 1359-1366

Santos, SM; Mathias, MD; Mira, AP. 2010. Local coexistence and niche differences between the Lusitanian and Mediterranean pine voles (Microtus lusitanicus and M. duodecimcostatus). Ecological Research Volume: 25 Issue: 5 Pages: 1019-1031

Santos, SM; Lourenco, RF; Mathias, MD; Mira, AP. 2010. Spatial and temporal ecology of the Lusitanian pine vole (Microtus lusitanicus) in a Mediterranean polyculture. Animal Biology Volume: 60 Issue: 2 Pages: 209-227

Pita, R; Mira, A ; Beja, P. 2010. Spatial segregation of two vole species (Arvicola sapidus and Microtus cabrerae) within habitat patches in a highly fragmented farmland landscape. European Journal of Wildlife Research Volume: 56 Issue: 4 Pages: 651-662

Santos, SM; Mira, AP; Mathias, ML.2009. Factors influencing large-scale distribution of two sister species of pine voles (Microtus lusitanicus and Microtus duodecimcostatus): the importance of spatial autocorrelation. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie Volume: 87 Issue: 12 Pages: 1227-1240

Gomes, L ; Grilo, C; Silva, C; Mira, A. 2009. Identification methods and deterministic factors of owl roadkill hotspot locations in Mediterranean landscapes. Ecological Research Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 355-370

Pita, R; Mira, A; Moreira, F; Morgado, R; Beja, P.2009. Influence of landscape characteristics on carnivore diversity and abundance in Mediterranean farmland. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment Volume: 132 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 57-65

Galantinho, A ; Mira, A. 2009. The influence of human, livestock, and ecological features on the occurrence of genet (Genetta genetta): a case study on Mediterranean farmland. Ecological Research Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 671-685.

Santos, SM; Mira, AP; Mathias, ML. 2009. Using presence signs to discriminate between similar species. Integrative Zoology Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 258-264

Mira, A; Marques, CC; Santos, SM; Rosario, IT; Mathias, ML. 2008. Environmental determinants of the distribution of the Cabrera vole (Microtus cabrerae) in Portugal: Implications for conservation. Mammalian Biology Volume: 73 Issue: 2 Pages: 102-110.

Ascensao, F; Mira, A .2007. Factors affecting culvert use by vertebrates along two stretches of road in southern Portugal. Ecological Research Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 57-66

Mestre, FM; Ferreira, JP; Mira, A. 2007. Modelling the distribution of the European Polecat Mustela putorius in a Mediterranean agricultural landscape. Revue D Ecologie-La Terre Et La Vie Volume: 62 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-47

Pita, R; Beja, P; Mira, A. 2007. Spatial population structure of the Cabrera vole in Mediterranean farmland: The relative role of patch and matrix effects. Biological Conservation Volume: 134 Issue: 3 Pages: 383-392

Santos, SM; Mathias, MDL; Mira, A. 2007. Vegetation structure and composition of road verge and meadow sites colonized by cabrera vole (Microtus Cabrerae Thomas). Polish Journal of Ecology Volume: 55 Issue: 3 Pages: 481-493

Pita, R ; Mira, A ; Beja, P.2006. Conserving the Cabrera vole, Microtus cabrerae, in intensively used Mediterranean landscapes. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment Volume: 115 Issue: 1-4 Pages: 1-5

Santos, SM; Simões, MP; Mathias, MD; Mira, A. 2006. Vegetation analysis in colonies of an endangered rodent, the Cabrera vole (Microtus cabrerae), in southern Portugal. Ecological Research Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 197-207

Cruz, R; Santos, S; Mira, A; Monteiro, A; Queiros, F; Mathias, ML. 2002. First record of the Common vole Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778) for Portugal. Mammalia Volume: 66 Issue: 4 Pages: 606-609

Mathias, MD; Mira, A. 1992. On the origin and colonization of house mice in the Madeira islands. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society Volume: 46 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 13-24

Mathias, MD; Mira, A. 1992. Serum-proteins and hematological values in the fallow deer (Dama-Dama l) (Cervidae, Artiodactyla). Mammalia Volume: 56 Issue: 3 Pages: 485-488


Garrido-García, J.A.; Rosário, I.T.; Gisbert, J.; García-Perea, R.; Cordero, A.I.; López-Alabau, A.; Mathias, M.L., Mira A.; Pita, R.; Santos, S., Sendra-Pérez, I., Vicente V & Soriguer, R.C. (2013). Revisión a nivel ibérico de la distribución del topillo de Cabrera o iberón, Iberomys cabrerae (Thomas, 1906). Galemys 25, 35-49.

Salgueiro, P.; Medinas, D.; Silva, C.; Silva, A.; Mira, A. (2013). New data on the distribution range of Hemidactylus turcicus in Portugal. Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española, 24:79-82.

Pereira, M.; Lourenço, R.; Mira, A. (2011). The role of habitat connectivity on road mortality of tawny owls. GeoFocus, 11:70-90.

Silva, C.; Grilo, C.; Mira, A. (2008). Modelling owl mortality on roads of Alentejo (southern Portugal). Airo, 18:3-12;

Pita, R.; A. Mira; Mathias, M.L. (2003). Small mammal community structure in two successional stages of Mediterranean Ecosystem. Galemys, 15: 67-79;

Mira, A.; Mathias, M.L. (1994). Seasonal adrenal weight variation in relation to reproductive activity in the Algerian mouse (Mus spretus Lataste). Newsletter da Societas Europaea Mammalogica, 6:4;


Conservation Biology Lab Team (September 2016)



Universidade de Évora
Departamento de Biologia
Pólo da Mitra Apartado 94
7002-554 Évora, Portugal

+351 266 740 800 Ext 24492